Everything you need to know about Day 1 CPT Universities in USA

Day 1 CPT

Day 1 CPT Universities is probably what you are searching for as a freshman. However, before enrolling to Day 1 CPT Program here are some necessary things that you simply need to know.

CPT or Curricular Practical Training allows F1 visa international students to gain employment training and to work in a paid /unpaid internship. This employment is an integral part of an established curriculum which includes “alternate work/study, internship, cooperative education, or any other type of required internship or practicum which is offered by sponsoring employers through cooperative agreements with the school.” This gives students a chance to work full time, i.e., more than 20 hours per week or part-time, i.e., 20 hours or less per week while earning money and gain work experience in their major of study.

It is noteworthy that CPT is available only before you complete your degree program and you must possess a job offer at the time of application. CPT employment may not delay the completion of the academic program. The US government only authorizes CPT-work for one semester at a time. Students are required to maintain full-time enrollment during fall and winter CPT. Full-time enrollment is 12 credit hours for undergraduate students, 8 credit hours for graduate students and 6 credit hours for Graduate Student Instructors and Graduate Student Research Assistants.

This blog will explain to you about Day 1 CPT Universities and its eligibility for F1 international students.

Types of CPT –

  • Degree based CPT – When it is a necessity that all students in the degree program are required to complete an internship to obtain the degree.
  • Course-based CPT – When it is a necessity that all students enrolled in a particular course require employment in order to earn a grade or a course where students design their own research project based on employment.
  • Co-operative CPT – CPT may be authorized when the employment is part of an established formal co-operative educational agreement between your department and a specific employer.

Let’s talk about the pros and cons of Day 1 CPT

Pros of Day One CPT

The benefit of choosing Day 1 CPT Universities is that a student can develop experience in the industry and market.It gives students the opportunity to apply their academic learning in a work environment, giving them the real-world experience they need to succeed. Schools or programmes that provide Day 1 CPT colleges in USA give students the opportunity to obtain experience earlier rather than waiting until the final term before graduation. In order to pursue their first or second master’s degree, students who have taken advantage of OPT (Optional Practical Training) may do so through CPT. Therefore, it will be desirable to have both a US degree from an international university and US professional experience. Additionally, it demonstrates how capable students are at multitasking and working with others from different cultural backgrounds.

Students who choose Day 1 CPT also benefit from receiving 6 credits per term as opposed to 9 or 12 credits for non-CPT students. This enables them to concentrate equally on both their degree and their practical training at the same time and to perform similarly in both contexts. Candidates with experience, the ability to handle pressure, and the ability to operate in various contexts are encouraged by employers. A student who has finished Day 1 of CPT would be able to correctly answer in every category. List Day 1 of CPT Universities that accept may also assist overseas students in determining for themselves whether or not it is a wise course of action. The universities include the Knowledge Systems University, Sullivan University, Campbellsville University, United States University, and Infoserve Technologies Institute (NY), among many more.

Cons of Day 1 CPT

There are several issues with CPT that students have had to deal with. The end of a student’s first academic year may be up to 90 days before they experience problems with CPT-related tasks. The kids don’t have enough time to organise and come up with alternatives, which turns out to be a con of CPT. The lack of information about Day 1 CPT programmes on the USCIS website is the next issue. Because of this absence of guidance, students should be cautious before enrolling in a programme that claims to grant them access to Day 1 CPT eligibility.

The fact that CPT is meant to be academic is also criticised because most universities do not permit any work during the first year. It is difficult to study for a degree, and it should not be viable to work a 40-hour week while doing so. However, day 1 CPT is giving pupils the perfect opportunity to achieve this. Between work and school, it can put students’ careers in danger and emotionally drain them. Because day one CPT eligibility requires the completion of 1 full academic year, which entails 2 semesters, many universities do not offer it. The universities that provide day one CPT have created programmes especially for international students who have run out of alternative employment choices.

Day 1 CPT Universities:

According to F-1 Visa guidelines, if the curriculum needs practical training, then the students are eligible for CPT from day 1 of the first semester. Some universities are designing programs to permit practical training from the first day or first semester of their college. They are known as “Day 1 CPT Universities”.

  • Most universities in the USA don’t allow F1 students to work on an internship during the first or second semester unless the program requires practical training as a part of the curriculum from the first semester. Here are the regulations about this policy from the USCIS manual.
  • Practical training may be authorized to an F-1 student who has been lawfully enrolled on a full-time basis, in a Service-approved college, university, conservatory, or seminary for one full academic year. This provision also includes students who, during their course of study, were enrolled in a study abroad program, if the student had spent at least one full academic term enrolled in a full course of study in the United States prior to studying abroad.
  • Exceptions to the one academic year requirement are provided for students enrolled in graduate studies that require immediate participation in curricular practical training.
  • During the CPT work authorization, please make sure that your work is related to your degree. Besides, you are not supposed to use the CPT for more than 12 months.

Eligibility Criteria for CPT:

You may be eligible to apply for CPT if you:

  1. Have valid F-1 student status –
  • Must have properly maintained F-1 status each semester
  • Must have been enrolled for at least one academic year in a degree-seeking program before they can apply for CPT. The only exception to this regulation is provided for graduate students whose programs require immediate participation in CPT and is stated as such in the USC Catalogue. Students in the following master’s degree programs DO NOT need to fulfill the one academic year requirement in order to apply for CPT.
  • The student must have a major. Pre-major students are not eligible for CPT. If you’re doing a minor or certificate program, CPT won’t be authorized to you.
  • The student must have a specific job/internship offer and it must be related to their major.
  • Visiting exchange students are not eligible for CPT.
  1. Course Credit Requirement 
  • Students are required to register for 1 – 2 units of an internship course or a class that needs an internship at USC during the semester they wish to do CPT. Students who are enrolled in degree programs that require them to do an internship do not require registering in an internship course for CPT purposes.
  • Graduate students must register for the internship course that is offered by their academic department. They are required to submit the completed Request for D-Clearance Form to their department staff advisor for review. Graduate engineering students register for ENGR 596. Visit the Viterbi GAPP Office website for additional CPT information. Graduate business students: Register for ACCT, BAEP, BUCO, DSO, FBE, MKT, or MOR 595. Visit Marshall’s website for additional information and the registration application form.
  • Undergraduate students are required to register for MDA 250, a general internship class through USC Dornsife (unless the academic department has a specific internship course)

Day 1 CPT Eligibility Criteria –

  • You are required to pursue a full-time academic program on a valid F-1 status.
  • CPT needs to be an important part of a degree program or should be the requirement of the course that you are pursuing.
  • You must conduct CPT in the field of your study.
  • You are required to have a CPT Job offer in hand before submitting a CPT authorization request.

Day 1 CPT Universities in USA and Universities Offering CPT from First Semester   –

There are many colleges and Universities offering CPT from first semester or day 1 in the USA.

  • Ottawa University, Kansas Campus – Day 1 CPT
  • Virginia International University, Fairfax, Virginia – Day 1 CPT
  • University of North America, Vienna, Virginia – Day 1 CPT
  • Stratford University, Falls Church, Virginia – Day 1 CPT
  • Harrisburg University of Science and Technology, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania – offers CPT in the 1st semester of study. This University allows you to do a full-time CPT, 40 hours a week.
  • Coleman University, San Diego, California – From Day 1 CPT
  • International Technological University, San Jose, California

*Note – To get a CPT for more than a semester at Coleman and International Technological University you are required to go to school at least once in a month. They also require one face to face class in a month and it is during the weekends.

  • United States University, Chula Vista, California – From Day 1 CPT
  • Harrisburg University of Science and Technology, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania – 1st semester or 2nd master semester – This University allows you to do a full-time CPT, 40 hours a week starting in your first or second semester.
  • The University of the Cumberlands – Offers Day 1 CPT. You will be rеquіrеd to аttеnd thrее іn-реrѕоn course mееtіng classes. This іѕ mаndаtоrу if you want to соntіnuе to rесеіvе CPT аuthоrіzаtіоn.
  • Goldey-Beacom College, Wilmington, Delaware – From Day 1 CPT
  • Knowledge Systems Institute, St. Skokie, Illinois – From Day 1 CPT
  • Infoserve Technologies Institute, Flushing, New York
  • At Sullivan University, Louisville & Lexington, Kentucky, you can start your CPT in your MBA or your Masters once you have already had at least one year of Master studies accredited by another university. If you fall under these criteria, you can start your CPT during your first week at university.
  • Wichita State University, Wichita, Kentucky offers CPT after 9 months of studying.
  • Globe University/Minnesota School of Business, Woodbury, Minnesota, offer Day 1 CPT. During your CPT, this university offers classes every 11 weeks that are conducted during the weekend.
  • New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey – After 1 year of studies in the US
  • Everest University, Fort Lauderdale, Florida – From Day 1 CPT
  • Hamline University, Saint Paul, Minnesota – Offers CPT for students enrolled full-time for one academic year before starting CPT. The exception exists for graduate students whose program requires immediate practical training or CPT. Work Internship must be identified as an “integral part of an established curriculum”. The student must be registered for atleast one course related to CPT for each term during which CPT is authorized.

[ALSO READ: Benefits Of Acquiring CPT Internship Opportunities in USA ]

Should students consider Day 1 CPT?

CPT from day 1 is actually nor approved neither illegalized by the USCIS.  If USCIS considers the purpose of Day 1 CPT Program as unauthorized, then F1 students may fall under unlawful presence. Opting for Day 1 CPT may cause some troubles regarding immigration like H1B filing, extension and also during GC processing.

It is also not recommended to join a university just for taking the Day 1 CPT. In many cases, MS students who are not picked in the H1B lottery, go for the Day 1 CPT program in order to gain work authorization until the H1B status is not acquired. Instead, go for some higher degrees like Ph.D. You can apply for a new OPT authorization for each new degree level you complete – for instance, if you receive a Bachelor’s degree, you can apply for OPT and work for a year, go back to graduate school and do your Masters, and then when you complete your Masters or Ph.D., you can apply for OPT again and work for another year.

Finally, do your full research and consult an attorney before taking any decision.

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